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Government-designated Research

SciREX is tasked by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) to work on 9 research subjects during JFY2019-2020 (April 2019-March 2021) to improve various STI systems so that the STI researchers and the policymakers will work together from an early stage of STI development process and co-evolve to ultimately establish effective policies.

Of the 9 projects, 5 are carried out at the SciREX Center and the rest 4 are at the SciREX core member universities as shown in the tables below:

FIVE Government-designated SciREX Projects carried at the SciREX Center: JFY2019-2020

Project Objective PIs
Examination of "Foresight and Impact Analysis Method" in Emerging and Interdisciplinary Science Fields and Formation of Networks Identifying the emerging and interdisciplinary fields, predicting economic and social impact, and establishing strategies will help us to be ready with uncertainties in the future. To implement these, it is necessary to systematize various methods and establish policy and research capabilities by nurturing policy and research communities ranging from social, natural and engineering scientists, industrial sector, and citizens. As this required long-term efforts, this project will focus on establishing the base for forming long-term network. Also, it will be promoted from a view of how the various methods and activities can be connected to have a valuable output. Tateo ARIMOTO, GRIPS
Hideyuki HIRAKAWA, Osaka University
Effective Use of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Research Results A long-term evaluation and a map of the earthquake prediction are made public, but they are not fully recognized by the local governments, private sector and citizens. Even if they are recognized, it might be difficult to use them in view of social effects. This project will make it clear what the administration can do and cannot, and what are needed for earthquake and disaster prevention research based on interviews and surveys to the relevant people. The project will also hold workshops and make proposals on the issue. So MORIKAWA, GRIPS
Analysis of mechanism for strengthening the base for creating innovation, by use of SciREX Policymaking Intelligent Assistance System (SPIAS) The factors that affect the researchers' research capabilities such as international brain circulation and researchers' mobility and diversity, and the mechanism for knowledge transfer process are not yet comprehensively analyzed. Based on this understanding, it is necessary to establish a system that examines policy effectiveness for advancing research capability and a policy analysis that uses the system. Kenta IKEUCHI, GRIPS
Study on the Establishment of Innovation Ecosystem that Meets the Basic, Applied, and Commercialization Research in Medical Field The point of the R&D in medical field is whether the products and technologies are connected with diagnosis and treatment. It also depends on whether each of the basic, applied, and commercialization phases can be effectively "translated." The environment surrounding the development of new drugs and medicine has recently drastically changed, including the establishment of the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED). However, it is not clear whether the series of the administrative reforms has contributed to the barrier for the life cycle of basic research through commercialization (Devil River, Valley of Death, and Darwinian Sea). The project will try to make the above translation more effective, elucidate the reason why "the translation in the industry-based R&D is delayed," and develop a method to re-design the policies to include the way to solve the gap during the translation. More concretely, the project will find out the reasons for the industries to be inactive in making an effective translation and newly design incentives to change their evaluation methods of research seeds. Koichi SUMIKURA, GRIPS
Development of New Measurement Index for Research Capability They key of this project is how to measure a university's "research capability." It will focus on: (1) What is an appropriate index for measuring quantity, quality and impact (beyond academia)? Does the index make it possible to measure the characteristics of the research results, in a different way from the already-existing index for the number of papers and references, and by-field research capabilities? And (2) What kind of index is it that shows the functions of the universities and research institutions within the by-field research community? Would it be possible to have a result that is based on each organization's missions and unique features, rather than a conventional result that includes the number of papers? Takayuki HAYASHI, GRIPS

 

FOUR Government-designated SciREX Projects carried at the SciREX member universities: JFY2019-2020

Project Objective PIs
Quantitative analyses on the factors of research capabilities and mechanisms: Competitive funds and organization-specific characteristics The research at the Japanese universities are carried out by various funds, ranging from competitive funds, non-competitive funds, and external funds from industries. In the midst of a call for advancing research productivity, it is necessary to understand and analyze what kind of research funds should be invested in what kind of research environments to contribute to the advancement of research productivity including production of papers. Manabu ETO, Hitotsubashi University
Study and analyses of the factors that lead to innovation ecosystem Japanese universities and research institutions have established "innovation ecosystem" to create innovations independently and consecutively, without establishing the evaluation method of the system. Based on this understanding, it is necessary to develop evaluation index and analyzing method for the successful project cases, especially for the Center of Innovation (COI) program. Akiya NAGATA, Kyushu University
Study on the Japanese system and its possible development in supporting human resources at Japanese universities so that the developing countries can develop and use space technologies The human resources training activities at Japanese universities to develop and use space technologies contributes to the international cooperation and human resources training in space developing countries. It further supports the Japanese space technologies to be exported overseas. To enhance such activities, however, it is important to view them in the context of the university education and research activities and also university management. Moreover, it requires an incentive to urge inclusion of medium- and small-sized universities. A comprehensive Japanese system is necessary. Hideaki SHIROYAMA, University of Tokyo
Study on the past, present and future of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), focusing on the relationship between the government and the citizen Japan's Space Basic Plan aims to spend Yen 5 trillion in 10 years by industry-government fund. Other countries are seeing emerging industries play an important role in the space R&D, in addition to the already-existing industries. Japan also needs analyses and discussions on restructuring of the roles and relationships between the government and industries and what are expected for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) in the future. Hirotaka WATANABE, Osaka University

 

The research projects SciREX completed during JFY2016-2018 are listed below.

Research carried at the SciREX Center: JFY2016-2018

Government-designated Issue SciREX Project Name Objective PI
1.Evaluation of Policies Measurement of Economic and Societal Effects To develop simulation models to evaluate the societal and economic effects of STI policies; to establish scenarios and economic models that can measure the policy effects and use them in the S&T White Paper and the Government STI Basic Plans KURODA, Masahiro SciREX Center Program Manager
2.Policy Management System Index for Monitoring and Improving Policies To develop index and technique to evaluate the STI policies for medium- and long-term management systems to be improved; To systematically review the related policies and objectives to evaluate the evidence-based index as well as the methods for collecting/linking/analyzing the base data ARIMOTO, Tateo SciREX Center Deputy Director
3.Innovation System in Public Sector Identification and Improvement of the Systems at the Public Research Institutions that Promote Innovation To establish a "management score board" for universities and public research institutions that are main players for promoting STI; To analyze strategic plans at foreign universities and data for Japanese universities management HAYASHI, Takayuki GRIPS Professor
4.Immediate and Strategic Response to the Nationally Critical Issues Strategic Policy Scenario to Respond to the Nationally Critical Issues To identify the issues that Japan should cope with in the context of international STI policy trends, and those that require to be solved without barriers between ministries and agencies SUNAMI, Atsushi SciREX Center Director
5.Improvement of Policy Formation Policy Formation Framing, Analyses of Stakeholders, and Improvement of Policy Formation Profess while Establishing the Process To identify the barriers in the decision making process for STI policies, and to discuss how to solve them; to analyze the policies for medical ICT use, talk with the stakeholders, and establish evidence-based policy-making process MORITA, Akira SciREX Center Project Manager

 

The remaining 4 are pursued at the other SciREX member universities as below shown.

Research carried at the SciREX member universities: JFY2016-2018

Government-designated Issue SciREX Project Name Objective PI and Principal university
1.Super-Smart City and STI Policy Establishment of policy-making support system for new STI and societal issues When new S&T tools like 'super smart city' emerge in a society, they are accompanied by new societal issues. This project identifies these issues, finds the solution, and develops a system that helps in making policies. HIRAKAWA, Hideyuki (Osaka U) Osaka University
2.Demography (Aging and Low Birth Rate) and STI Policy Visualization of local governments' school physical exam Information and establishment of the database To establish a database based on the information from the school physical exam supported by the local governments; to analyze the visualized data and see if they can be used for making government policies, in academic fields and industries KAWAKAMI, Koji (Kyoto U) Kyoto University
3.Local Area Revitalization and STI Policy Various measurement on STI and society; research on examples that may cause innovations in local areas and development of a system that supports making policies To analyze the innovations in local areas to establish and implement STI policies in local areas; to store the data in the RESIDENTS, local- area STI policy support system developed by Kyushu University, and use the data in training local area policy-making officials NAGATA, Akiya (Kyushu U) Kyushu & Hitotsubashi Universities
4.Open Innovation Policy and Industry-University Collaboration Industry-University-Government Collaboration to create innovation; knowledge management and system design What kind of organizations and systems are required for a university to create new knowledge with industries and public organizations in causing innovations? This project views this based on risk management and open science, and discusses the current issues and future possibilities SHIROYAMA, Hideaki (U of Tokyo) University of Tokyo

SciREX Program Members

  • GiST
  • STIG
  • IMPP
  • STIPS
  • CSTIPS
  • NISTEP
  • RISTEX
  • CRDS
  • MEXT